Physical Security Information Management (PSIM)
PSIM platforms typically utilize a variety of technologies to present information and guide decision-making processes by both control center and response force personnel. In addition, because the PSIM platform sits on top of multiple security sub-systems, advanced rule-based programming can be used to correlate sensor inputs with automated messaging, video functions and other security management activities.
The backbone of the PSIM platform is its Geographic Information System (GIS) engine, which uses precise global coordinates to present layers of diagrams and pictures over a map of the city. Different layers can contain information on the locations of buildings and roads, water and power lines, response force units, sensors, satellite photographs, evacuation routes and more. Using multiple map windows with independent zooming, panning, and layer selection, GIS enables presentation of information in a clear, uncluttered way without sacrificing critical details. For example, a layer showing evacuation routes would remain hidden except during a fire or natural disaster.
The PSIM also uses an innovative event management application that provides control center personnel with predefined response checklists for different emergency and routine events. The checklists, combined with smart video management and archiving, provide detailed records that facilitate investigations and debriefings.
The control center is where information is assembled, processed and displayed.
It is a hub for the analysis and dissemination of information collected from various sources including government agencies, private organizations and individual citizens as well as specialized equipment such as sensors and cameras. The results are faster, more effective responses to service outages, streamlined law enforcement operations and real-time management of crisis situations. In addition, better data collection and analysis leads to more accurate forecasting, policymaking, and long-term allocation of resources.
High bandwidth allows for smooth, consistent transmission of video data and the 2.4 MHz network, which remains the property of the municipality, does not interfere with civilian communication systems or the internet. Depending on the requirements of the project, a variety of technologies, including fiber optic networks, bandwidth leased from communications companies (IP VPN) and cellular (mainly for connection to mobile sensors and response personnel) may be used in combination.
The control center is connected directly to response force personnel in the field via mobile computing devices such as tablet PCs and PDAs. Response forces can operate on foot or in patrol cars. The PSIM platform is sufficiently robust to allow video, maps, still images and other data (including notes and graphic overlays on the images) to be transferred in both directions between the control center and the response force personnel. In addition, command authority can be transferred from the control center to a field control center when necessary.
There are many types of sensors, not all of which may be applicable to every solution. It is of paramount importance that the PSIM platform used accept a wide variety of sensor technologies, and also be open to enable the introduction of new technologies as they emerge.
A partial list of common sensor types:
Cameras: Fixed view cameras, PTZ (Pan, Tilt, Zoom) cameras, Thermal cameras
GPS units relay vehicle positions to the system, enabling a wide range of control and monitoring capabilities.
Panic Buttons which serve as emergency hotlines for use by the public or response personnel can be placed in various locations.
Access Control: used for permitting entrance/exit to authorized persons through doors, gates, lifts etc.
License Plate Recognition (LPR) uses specialized cameras to identify vehicles for a variety of applications, including access control, stolen car recovery, toll payment processing and automatic operation of vehicle barriers at parking lots.
Perimeter Intrusion Detection Systems (PIDS): Decorative Security Fences appear to be innocent-looking rigid fences but in fact conceal sensors within them which detect climbing and breaching attempts.
Motion Detectors are used for sensing movement in specific indoor or outdoor areas.
Indoor Safety Detectors including smoke, fire and heat sensors are generally used indoors for early detection of all manner of safety management functions.
Sub- Systems (External)
The significant operational and cost advantages are achieved by integrating a range of sub-systems underneath the PSIM platform, allowing the control center to draw information and (if necessary) send commands.
Fortis 4G aggregates data from multiple security sub-systems in real time in order to enhance site managers’ situational awareness. Multiple information streams are organized through as single, intuitive Graphic User Interface (GUI) optimized for both routine operations and crisis management. Stationary and mobile users benefit from a powerful Geographic Information System (GIS) engine with 2D maps, 3D graphic emulation and event driven video management. The results are streamlined security operations, faster and more coordinated responses to alarms, and improved organization of stored data.Fortis is open, scalable and flexible, allowing Magal S3to continuously integrate new sub-systems.